2013 has been described as ‘the greatest year in gay rights history’. While this statement might be somewhat exaggerated, at least in the EU, important progress has been achieved. Also across the Atlantic, in the U.S., a number of States have legalized gay marriage, the Supreme Court has handed down a historic gay marriage ruling, and the federal legislature might, finally, pass legislation that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation after the Senate’s approval.
Also in Europe, society and legal orders mirror an increased acceptance of homosexuality. Recently, a new government took office in Luxembourg, headed by an openly gay Prime Minister and an openly gay Deputy Prime Minister, making it only the third country in the world that was ever headed by a person not representing themselves as heterosexual (after Belgium and Iceland). Same-sex couples will be able to marry in England and Wales from March 2014. Also, in 2013 France legalized gay marriage and adoption. A few weeks ago, the CJEU handed down an important judgment regarding homosexual asylum seekers. Over the past year, same-sex marriage bills were introduced in the United Kingdom, Finland, and Luxembourg. Ireland held a constitutional convention on the issue of gay marriage and will organize a referendum on the matter in 2015. Continue reading